The History of Writing – Where the Story Begins – Extra History | YouTube

Leonieke autoposts, Video, Videos 0 Comments

A great YouTube video: The History of Writing – Where the Story Begins – Extra History

How did the ancient civilization of Sumer first develop the concept of the written word? It all began with simple warehouse tallies in the temples, but as the scribes sought more simple ways to record information, those tallies gradually evolved from pictograms into cuneiform text which could be used to convey complex, abstract, or even lyrical ideas.
Support us on Patreon! http://bit.ly/EHPatreon — (Episode details below)

Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore
Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC

Watch the beginning of the Early Christian Schisms! http://bit.ly/1TvNot1

Play games with us on Extra Play! http://bit.ly/WatchEXP

Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet
Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage
Get our list of recommended games on Steam: http://bit.ly/ECCurator
____________

Sumer was the land of the first real cities, and those cities required complex administration. The temples which kept people together were not only religious places, but also warehouses which stored the community’s collective wealth until it was needed to get through lean years. As the donations came in, scribes would count the items and draw pictures of them on clay tablets. The images quickly became abstract as the scribes needed to rush, and they also morphed to represent not just an image but the word itself – more specifically, the sound of the word, which meant that it could also be written to represent other words that sounded similar (homophones). Sumerian language often put words together to express new ideas, and the same concept applied to their writing. As people came to use this system more, the scribes began to write from left to right instead of top to bottom since they were less likely to mess up their clay tablets that way. Those who read the tablets didn’t appreciate this change, so the scribes rotated the words 90 degrees allowing tablets to be rotated if the reader preferred – but this made the images even more abstract, until eventually the pictograms vanished entirely to be replaced by wedge-shaped stylus marks: cuneiform. Many of Sumer’s neighbors adopted this invention and helped it spread throughout the region, though completely different writing systems developed independently in cultures situated in places like China and South America!
____________

♪ Get the intro music here!
http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7
*Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H

♪ Get the outro music here!
http://bit.ly/23isQfx
*Music by Sean and Dean Kiner: http://bit.ly/1WdBhnm
http://youtu.be/HyjLt_RGEww

[this is an automated post]

Leave a Reply